War over Water: A background

For those of you who are either new to this region or unfamiliar with the long standing Cauvery dispute, here are a few interesting facts that I came across in IBNLive.com.

– The dispute over waters of Cauvery is one of the longest running water wars of the world.

– The river Cauvery known as the Dakshina Ganga orginates in Kodagu dist of Karnataka and joins the Bay of Bengal in TN.

– The disupte is officially more than 300 years old.

– The Kings of Mysore raised the issue with the British nearly 250 years back.

– The first agreement between Mysore and Madras state was signed in 1892.

– The second agreement was signed in 1924. Karnataka has always been saying that the then King of Mysore was forced to sign by the British and the terms and conditions favour only TN.

– Karnataka refused to honour the agreement after Independence.

-The Centre (VP Singh was the PM) constituted a Tribunal to look into the matter in June, 1990 as the centuries of negotiations bore no fruit.

– The Tribunal passed an interim order asking Karnataka to release 205 TMC Feet of water in 1991.

– Karnataka refused to honour the interim order and passed a legislation against it.

– The Supreme Court intervened and ordered Karnataka to accept the interim order, leading to widespread riots in Karnataka and TN.

– Hundreds of lives were lost, tens of thousands were rendered homeless. 20 people were killed in Bangalore alone.

– The dispute flares up whenever monsoon fails. 1995, 2002 and 2003 were the worst years.

(Courtesy: IBN Live)

7 Comments so far

  1. psj (unregistered) on February 5th, 2007 @ 6:46 pm

    Hundreds of lives were lost???.. Dont think the figure was hundreds.it was around 20.IBN just jumps into issues it comes to know now and broadcasts all facts picked from some place.Its host announced sometime back that the Kaveri Tribunal has announced the verdict on the long standing dispute between Karnataka and Kerala.

  2. tarlesubba (unregistered) on February 5th, 2007 @ 7:44 pm

    lot of facts flowing thinner than cauvery in summer.

  3. shek (unregistered) on February 5th, 2007 @ 8:21 pm

    How much water will karnataka expect to release?Seems like it wants to keep all the water for itself,as if the river’s private property.

    During monsoon,the state doesnt store excess water in Kabini dam,instead release it causing potential floods,downstream.Now in summer they complain that they don’t have enough water!

    @PSJ—The number runs to thousands.If you had lived in the border in Dharmapuri or Salem district,you would have known.

  4. Kiran (unregistered) on February 6th, 2007 @ 12:57 am

    Found an intersting blog comment @ http://developedment.blogspot.com/2007/02/verdict-of-cauvery-water-disputes.html

    Since i am from Mumbai living in Bangalore, it looks like this issue has to be solved by involving the real players, the farmers, rather than external entities who will hijack the agenda.


  5. tarlesubba (unregistered) on February 6th, 2007 @ 3:06 am

    please first understand the geography of the river,the sizes of the basins in each state, the tributaries etc. if you can see that even KN has natural, rational growth needs then may be you’ll understand KN’s stand.

    also @shek,
    can you mention 1 utlization maximization effort in TN?
    if KN does’nt store water in Kabini, mebbe TN should store it no?

  6. Kannadiga (unregistered) on February 7th, 2007 @ 10:06 am

    I want to comment reply on that PSB who has posted a comment againts us Karnataka people. Hello Mr Idiot PSB, you know the fact better and speak then, what the hell are you talking about you people are cunning and jealous and how much ever you get water you are insufficient right, yo know one thing in Mettur the dam capacity is 94 tmc whereas in KRS its just 49 tmc but we require more, but we are unable to keep more where as you people enjoy more and want to more, what the heck is this, when drought comes many parts of cauvery basin region gets droughted approximately 21,870 sq feet area but where as in Tamil nadu just 12,000 hardly. Just see what’s the difference is. We are asking for just our need, but you are asking for more than your need this is not good at all!!!!!!!!1

  7. nams (unregistered) on February 10th, 2007 @ 4:04 pm

    Dear Mr.Kannadiga,

    I hope u r mislead by wrong facts.
    The verdict is in fact, in favor of Karnataka..
    thats why ur politicans are still keeping mum.
    First go and study the verdict fully, and whatever
    karanataka asked thats granted…the cap on 11 lakh acres
    irrigation is relaxed..the actual irrigation land
    for karnataka is 18 lakh acres and for TN is 24 lakh acres.
    The water is divided accordingly..also KN need to release
    only 192 at biligundlu…u r always approaching this
    issue emotionally..pls sit and think..u ll come to know the
    facts…though mettur capacity 94 tmc,..it will be full only if
    KN release water…also pls avoid these idiot like phrases and all.
    by these u r only creating wrong image of KN

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